Saint-Émilion stone, a luminous gift of nature
For nearly a thousand years, between the 9th and the 19th centuries, the number of stone quarries in the Saint-Émilion limestone plateau increased. Quarriers worked non-stop to extract millions of stone blocks for major construction sites in Saint-Émilion and Bordeaux.
This quarrying has left an immense 80-hectare network of underground galleries that form a gigantic maze nearly 200 km long. The stone, asteriated limestone, contains a great number of fossils. It dates from the Lower Oligocene period (32 million years ago) and gave birth to many monuments that can still be seen in Saint-Émilion.