On March 14th, 2019 at 7:30 pm, the History and Archaeology Society of Saint-Émilion invites you to a conference with M. Marc Agostino in the Salle Gothique de Saint-Emilion.
Marc Agostino is Professor Emeritus at Bordeaux Montaigne University. Former teacher of Khâgne, he has also taught at Sciences Po Bordeaux. His research specialty is the contemporary history of religions in their political, social and mental environment. Several works are dedicated to the papacy, secularism and he gave many contributions on Italy, Algeria, Mauriac and, first, on the Aquitaine history.
The contestation that especially affects Catholicism is none the less a global critique of the religious phenomenon. Very active during the Revolution, it finds its apogee and its real implementation especially in the middle of the 19th century. The discussion is squarely about faith. The bottom of the thought is the positivism of Auguste Comte to the enormous influence favored by Littré, Zola and many others. This positivism reinforces the scientism that thinks it has the key to all knowledge. Darwin's works on transformism popularize a skepticism about Creation, but it is the Bible studies that undermine the system with Renan then Loisy.
Intellectual contestation adjoins the rise of political ideas such as freedom of thought and secularism. A major assault is therefore made in France to Catholicism and it is the heart of the French debates of the nineteenth century.